Comunicate of the III World Conference on Bioethics

The participants in III World Conference on Bioethics organized by the SIBI and celebrated in CUENCA, Spain,of the 27 of September to the 1 of October of 2004, adopted in the plenary session of closing, unanimously, the following official notice:

To reaffirm the message made public by the Scientific Committee of the International Society of Bioethics (SIBI) in the Palace of the Council of Europe, in Strasbourg, 28 and 29 of January of the 2003, that says: "human intelligence has to use all means possible to avoid the war, and to put the scientific and technological knowledge in favor of peace and the freedom".

o support and to reaffirm the Declarations of the I and II World Conferences on Bioethicscarried out by SIBI in Gijón in 2000 and 2002.

To affirm that the access to the water of good quality is a basic human right. Therefore, to indicate the social responsibilities and of the Bioéthics as far as the promotion of the average ones to assure clean water and effective health like a basic prerequirement protection of the human dignity, insisting on the respect to all the forms of life and recognizing the biological and cultural diversity like the wealth that we needed to maintain in the effort to construct to peace and the common understanding.

To support the use of the technologies of the information, the communications and educative means for the diffusion and spreading of the Bioethics in the search of one better understanding and handling of contents. The signallers must have the knowledge precise to publish each information with quality, rigor and neutrality. On the other hand the scientific information must be updated, truthful and founded as soon as it concerns the possibilities and expectations of application of the procedures.

To deepen the debate about the precise stemcells of different origin, having by indispensable obtaining a suitable norm and funds for its investigation and possible therapeutic uses.


On patentability of the human body

"The Scientific Committee of the SIBI debates the patentability of the human body. The Directive approved in 1998 by the competent institutions of the European Union on the Legally Protection of the Bio-technological Inventions tries to be an answer of support to the investigations that are being made in Europe in the field of the Biotechnology. The referred Directive has decided on the concession of the patents to such inventions without doing the demanded traditional requirements for the affluent patentabiliity that making flexible some of them: inventive activity or originality, newness or nonobviousness and utility in industrial application.

A boarded delicate subject by the Directive and who was object of intense discussion in the past is the question of the patent of parts of the human body, mainly of human genes or partial sequences of human genes. The answer given by the Directive has been to deny the patent (to be a discovery and not about an invention) to such elements as soon as such. Nevertheless the patentability of an isolated element of the human body obtained by any procedure is accepted, even although it is genes or part of them still in case the structure of this element is identical to the one of a natural element.

The Scientific Committee of the SIBI has discussed these and other aspects of the Directive having reached the conclusion that in spite of the made efforts leaving the clearest possible applicable legally regime in that one, some dark points and little defined in a matter that would have to be it, given the enormous practical and economic importance still exist that presents/displays ".>

ACT nº 5 GIJÓN (Spain)
16th December 2002


On artificial twinning 1999

"Like continuation of subject ARTIFICIAL TWINNING (gemelatión) treated in the three and two meeting about July of the year1 998, in which also other aspects of the cloning were discussed, in the today meeting have appeared the produced changes since then, specially related to an important consisting of advance the obtaining of lines stem coming from human embryos (embryonic stem cells, ES). The present conclusions are:

  • First:, the artificial twinning, already difficult of by himself, lets have sense since an embryo can be cloned and can try itself that it is born in more than an occasion.
  • Second: the production of lines of stem cells(embryonic cells) creates the ethical problem of which it stops his obtaining is necessary to create embryos and to destroy them.
  • Third: The possible use of pluripotentes cells (EG), deserves to be studied bottom, because in case were totipotentes - it is not known at the present time could be used instead of ES them. In this case the EG could even obtain from fetuses nonaffection of genetic diseases coming from voluntary interruptions of the pregnancy or of adults.
  • Fourth: The production of ES from the biopsy of an only cell of an embryo that soon is transferred could allow to the production of customized stem cells, without problems by rejection in case that they are used to obtain atissue or organ. Possible applications could be families with genetic hiperlipemies, or poliyquístic kidney, etcetera".

ACT nº 3 GIJÓN (Spain)
7th May 1999


On beginning of the human life

"Relating the problem of the beginning of the human life two fundamental questions have to be considered. When begins a human life, when that human life that has begun can say that already it is individualized? This problematic one can be analyzed from diverse perspective: biological, genetic, embryological and philosophical aspects.

From the biological point of view it is important to indicate the continuity of any process that does impossible to distinguish before accurately and later, nevertheless that continuity is compatible with the emergency of new properties qualitatively different from existing the in a while previous one. A later commentary makes reference to the danger of the reduccionismus in Biology since "the all" biological one is not equal to the sum of the parts.

From the genetic point of view the consideration is very important that the two properties that define the properties of unicity, unique being and from unit to be one single one, are not defined until the fourteen days as of the moment of the fertilization, agreeing with the conclusion of the process of nesting of blastocyst in the walls of the uterus.

From the embryological point of view the present discussions compare the valuation of the embryo with relation to the "term", that is to say, the born individual.

Finally, from the philosophical point of view it is fundamental to consider when the developing human being reaches the human sustantivity".

ACT nº 3 GIJÓN (Spain)
7th May 1999


On Registry of AIDS

The Government has predicted to make a Registry of Carriers VIH, and in answer to the writing of the Committee Anti-Sida de Asturias, the Scientific Committee of the SIBI in its meeting of 28.11.98 considers "If the Registry were necessary, this one never will be nominative, and the personal identities in codes will stay that will consist exclusively in the center of attention to the affected one and that they will not have to be revealed, except for exceptionally"; and this exceptional nature will have to justifytaking in acountthe reasons previous and regulated clearly. To this end one will be due to deepen in the search of dialogue and consensus between the Government and the representative of the affected group ".

ACT Nº 2 GIJÓN (Spain)